Tooth discolouration is a common dental condition that we see in patients of all ages. There are various causes of discoloured teeth, but the good news is that transforming your smile into one you want to show off instead of hide is usually quite simple and painless.
Reasons for Discoloured or Yellow Teeth
There are two fundamental types of discolouration that might cause your teeth to take on a yellowish hue or exhibit dark streaks and blotches. Extrinsic discolouration is brought on by external factors such as food and lifestyle, while with intrinsic discolouration, the cause lies within the tooth itself. Let’s look more closely at each in turn.
The external discolouration is the easiest to diagnose, treat and prevent. It is simply staining caused by whatever is coming into contact with the outer surface of your teeth. Food and drink are the most common culprits, with tea, coffee, and cola drinks particularly high on the suspect list. Smoking will also cause discolouration, and poor dental hygiene habits will exacerbate the problem by allowing deposits to build up.
Intrinsic discolouration is a little more complex. This is when the dentine, which lies just below the outer surface, darkens. It can be caused by tooth decay, infection or even trauma that has disturbed the tooth and its root. Also, some prescription drugs can cause intrinsic discolouration, including antihistamines and blood pressure medication.
Diagnosis and Treatment for Discoloured Teeth
If you have discoloured teeth, we understand that it can have a real impact on your life, making you self-conscious about smiling or even looking people in the face. There’s no need to just live with it, and the first step towards solving the problem is to book an appointment with a dentist at Glow Dental.
First, we need to establish whether the discolouration is of the extrinsic or intrinsic variety. This will become obvious when the dentist examines your teeth and asks a few questions about your medical history and your dietary and lifestyle habits. In the majority of cases, the causes are extrinsic, and a clean and polish will make a world of difference. Your dentist will also offer some advice on how to reduce discolouration in future.
When the root cause is intrinsic, the solution might be a little more complex. However, there are different options available, ranging from whitening to veneers, and your dentist will work with you to come up with the solution that best fits your personal circumstances.
Common Questions Patients With Yellow Teeth
There are several possible answers to that question, and only a dental consultation will tell you with certainty. However, if you enjoy drinking tea, coffee or sweet drinks, or you are a smoker, then these are all likely culprits.
The main point of brushing is to remove deposits and prevent the build-up of tartar and plaque. If you have discoloured teeth, regular brushing will help to prevent the discolouration from worsening, but it is not an effective way to make teeth white again. The best solution is to have your teeth cleaned and polished by your dentist or hygienist.
The outer enamel surface of the tooth is white, but the dentin that lies beneath is yellow. It is not uncommon for the dentin to show through, especially if the enamel is thin, so a slightly yellow hue is not necessarily a cause for concern. However, if you are worried, or especially if the colour of your teeth has changed noticeably, get them checked by your dentist.
Those brown stains are usually caused by eating, drinking and smoking habits, although they can also sometimes be a result of tartar build-up. While there are some home remedies that can help, the safest and most effective way to get rid of the stains is a clean and polish from your dental professional.
Absolutely. Advancing years are no barrier to a glowing smile, and your dentist will be able to recommend the most appropriate treatment for your specific circumstances.
Thankfully, the days of having to sit and tolerate painful dental procedures have been consigned to history. You might feel some sensitivity during teeth whitening, but it will only be during the treatment itself.